But not without difficulty. Like most fruit trees, apricot trees are vulnerable to multiple diseases and parasites. Best grown against a sheltered south-facing wall in cool climates. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): Description. Since apricots bloom on two-year-old wood, you have to be really careful how you prune them and realize that any year with heavy pruning may lead to a couple of years without fruit. Thank you for any assistance you may provide. If treated well, and especially if treated in a timely manner, it is possible to avoid apricot tree diseases and fungus. For instance, colors are beautiful, both in spring with magnificent pinkish white flowers, and in summer with orange yellow apricots. Fruit-filled apricot branch by Tilly Sfortunato ★ under © CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Unripe apricots by Rebecca Hales ★ under Pixabay license Some will require you to plant more than one tree so that they can cross-pollinate and set fruits. Planting Apricot Trees. Melissa Norris. If you’re planting more than one tree, spread them far apart for future branching needs. This is a sure way to avoid many fungal diseases. Powdery mildew – Young apricot fruits are colonized by this fungus. Regular spraying of Bordeaux mixture, as soon as buds open. Need advice? ‘Tardif de Tain’ – Orange-yellow colored, late variety harvested end of August. Be careful! Apricot trees don’t do well in waterlogged and excessively moist soil. A career in television writing, as a magazine editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times. Place the topsoil at the bottom of your hole to give the roots a good start. Name – Prunus armeniaca You can also try making garlic decoctions or fermented horsetail, both of which are also good at dealing with fungus. Tenting the tree during a freeze also protects the blossoms. Successfully establishing a young fruit tree in your yard starts with your planting site and method. Collect falling leaves in the fall and compost them until you plant your tree to add vital nutrients to your soil. ‘Polonais’ or ‘Polish’– Yellow colored, perfect for making your own jam, harvested from beginning of July. Cover apricot trees with horticultural fleece, or clear polythene supported by bamboo canes, to protect the blossom from frost. I have tried Bordo mixture and Bayer Ren….. biological spray and pruning out all of the dead branches last fall, I repeated the Bordo twice over the winter. It is a good idea to apply wound-healing paste after pruning. The blooms appear during early March or the end of February and require dry weather to remain on the tree and produce fruit. Slightly reduce any branches that have born fruits. Once the weather breaks, flowering takes place. Fill with water and wait until the next day. Do not fertilize your young apricot … Your email address will not be published. Remove this during the day to allow sunlight and pollinating insects to reach the plant. Pink or white flowers bloom in early spring, followed by fruit in May, with a standard size tree producing three to four bushels of fruit yearly. The copper destroys spores and sprouting fungus, but rain washes it away and promotes spore growth instead. Fruit Trees > Apricots > Listing for Apricot. It is crisp. Harvesting. It belongs to the Prunus genus and to the large Rosaceae family. Required fields are marked *. The tree to bloom earliest is most commonly apricot. One in three or four is fine. When fertilizing wait till a good rain is in the forecast so it will soak in the soil. Soil – ordinary, Foliage – deciduous For example, it helps treat brown fruit rot. European brown rot – This is the most common apricot tree disease. It is much better to plant in a location that is sheltered from strong wind. Apricot trees grow anywhere from 15 to 25 feet tall with a densely growing canopy. Buy quality Apricot trees click here Another important reason to afford your tree the most sheltered aspect you have is that of inscets and pollination. A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. Aphids – These are the most common apricot tree parasites. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Planting, pruning and caring for them is important. If you’re attempting to grow your own apricot tree, choose a spot that faces south and gets a lot of sun, especially if the weather turns cool in winter months. Native to Asia, it likes heat. Close behind are cherries, which arrive mid-April to early May. You can expect to start harvesting fruit in 3-4 years! Cold damage to apricot blossoms is a major limiting factor in where they can be successfully grown. Type – fruit tree, Height – 16 to 20 feet (5 to 6 m) Also nice: create or join a topic on our garden and orchard forum, too. Good growth is 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 cm.) If you garden in the north, choose late-blooming varieties. My 8 yr old apricot has what I believe is Fire Blight. Many fungal problems affecting apricot trees can be prevented with the use of dormant oil spray applied to the trees in the winter. Alternately, there are organic soil amendments, like compost and aged/rotted manure. Freezing the blossoms won’t kill the tree but will prevent fruit production that year. Apricot branch close-up (also on social media) by Xamumu under Pixabay license Once a fruit tree is established, it needs little assistance to grow and bear fruit; but you’ll want to make sure you give your trees the right foundation. Persimmon important facts Name – Diospyros kaki Family –…, The nectarine tree belongs to the same family as the peach tree, and it is an exceptional fruit tree that…, robert fusco wrote on 28 April 2020 at 17 h 22 min, Gaspard wrote on 30 April 2020 at 11 h 49 min, robert fusco wrote on 26 April 2020 at 2 h 08 min, Gaspard wrote on 27 April 2020 at 15 h 19 min, Apricot tree, producing delicious apricots, Nectarine, the tree that bears nectarines. They are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8. Family – Rosaceae Expect 3 to 4 bushels of fruit from a full-size tree, 1 to 2 from a dwarf. ‘Bergeron’ – Yellow colored, juicy and harvested in August. Apricot trees require sun to flower correctly. Increase air circulation by removing weak branches. Rain during flowering and fruit set can also lead to … Spraying apricot trees for pests doesn’t stop with the coming of spring. Apricots are very early flowering, infact they are the first of all the fruit trees to begin to open their blossoms, by far. It belongs to the Prunus genus and to the large Rosaceae family. After about a year of growth, stake the tree to keep it upright and fertilize it in the winter to keep it healthy. It is a good idea to have your soil tested to determine if it is lacking in any essential minerals and nutrients. Once the weather breaks, flowering takes place. Weeding or mulching the ground around the trunk and watering when a frost is predicted also protects the tree from the dreaded freeze. Wait until leaves have fallen, but apply the spray before winter rains using Bordeaux mixture, but do not use sulfur sprays on apricot trees. However, keep blankets nearby in case a surprise drop in temperatures occur. About apricots Apricots can be a challenge to grow in cold regions because the trees bloom early and the flowers are often killed by late frosts. Soil Preparation for Apricot Trees. This variety is very hardy. These blossoms appear early to late April. Easy to care for, an apricot tree only requires little attention when it is correctly settled in. ‘Gros Peche de Nancy’ – Yellow colored, large musk-flavored fruits harvested end of July to beginning of August. A beautiful summer harvest can then be expected. Japanese flowering apricots are among the first spring ornamental trees to bloom in winter, sporting, white, pink or rose flowers. Because the flowers open over several weeks, some are pollinated earlier than others. No point in watering often, since this tree resists short droughts very well. The apricot tree is a wonderful fruit tree that requires a bit of care to produce beautiful apricots, but it’s easy to grow. Next, plant the seed or seedling, water it deeply, and remember to keep watering it 1-3 times weekly, depending on your climate. Click to open posts in a new tab. Each helps avoid diseases and ensures proper development for your apricot tree. Apricots bloom very early and frosts may damage the flowers. Furthermore, the trees are sensitive to temperature changes during the winter season. A limiting factor in apricot culture is spring frosts: They tend to flower very early (in early March in western Europe), meaning spring frost can kill the flowers. Fill the hole again and lay a stick or straight edge over the top. It’s great that you disinfected between cuts. A number of varieties exist for apricot tree planting in most areas of the United States where spring frosts are unusual and in other temperate parts of the world. Its name connects it to Armenia. Retain outwards-growing branches. Sadly, these might reach the point where they ruin an entire harvest. Apricot blooms by Nare Park ★ under Pixabay license Although most apricots are self-fertile, fruit set is better when planted with one or two other varieties nearby. As a result, a layer of whitish velvet and white spots appears. Thinning the fruit early, especially if it’s a heavy crop, encourages the tree to form more flower buds for next year. The natural habitat of the fruiting apricot is around east Asia. The term “food miles” is how modern chefs describe the journey their fresh food takes from the farm to the kitchen door. Very productive in terms of fruits and flowers, this little tree has many assets. However, ask your local horticulture store if the variety you’re purchasing requires cross-pollination. Apricot trees are also called common apricot trees ( Prunus armeniaca ). As soon as leaves have fallen off, pruning is in order. While the desert climates of California and the Middle Eastern countries prove best for apricots because of their long, sunny, warm days and cool nights, northern plantings can survive even in zone 4. They are used like fertilizers, but they are not technically fertilizers. If possible, plant your tree against a wall that absorbs the daily sun. 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